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Materi Academic Writing Argumentative Essay


Today, I would like to share what is argumentative essay. I got this lesson from lovely ITB English lecture (big thank to him). So, let's get started.

What is an argument?
 In academic writing, an argument is usually a main idea, often called a "claim" or "thesis statement," backed up with evidence that supports the idea.
 An argument has basically two parts: a claim and support.
 The claim asserts an opinion, judgment, or point of view that the writer wants readers to accept as true or, at least, as reasonable.
 The support is the heart of the argument, the reasoning that seeks to convince readers to accept the claim. The reasons explain why the writer thinks the claims should be acceptable to reader. The backing provides evidence, explanation, and further justification.

Motorcycles are preferable to cars.         
A.They use less petrol.                           
B. They cause little air pollution

You can join A and B by using listing markers: furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, also, etc.  
Motorcycles are preferable to cars because they use less petrol. Furthermore, they cause little air pollution .

Possible Overall Structures for the Argumentative Essay
Below are three basic plans for argumentative essays. Notice that in each plan, one or more of the body paragraph) can be OPTIONAL (that is, you will choose either to use or not to use that paragraphs.

Plan A
I.          Introduction (+ thesis statement of intent)
II.         Pro argument #1 (weakest argument that supports your opinion)
III.        Pro argument #2 (stronger argument that supports your opinion)
IV.        Pro argument #3 (strongest argument that supports your opinion)
V.   Con (Counterarguments and your refutation)
VI. Solution to the problem (OPTIONAL: depends on the     assignment, your audience, and the available material)
VII. Conclusion (summary- + solution, prediction, or recommendation)

Plan B
I. Introduction (+ thesis statement of intent)
II. Con (Counterarguments + your refutation)
III. Pro argument #1 (the weakest argument that supports your opinion)
IV. Pro argument #2 (stronger argument that supports your opinion)
V. Pro argument #3 (strongest arguments that supports your opinion)
VI. Solution to the problem (OPTIONAL: depends on the assignment, your audience, and the    available material)
VII. Conclusion (summary + solution, prediction, or recommendation)


Plan C
I. Introduction (+ thesis statement of intent)
II.  Counterargument #1 + Pro argument to refute it
I. II. Counterargument #2 + Pro argument to refute it
IV. Counterargument #3 + Pro argument to refute it
V.  Counterargument #4 + Pro argument to refute it (OPTIONAL: depends on available material)
VI. Solution to the problem (OPTIONAL: depends on the assign­ment, your audience, and the   available material)
VII. Conclusion (summary + solution, prediction, or  recommendation)

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